Lower back pain or lumbar back pain is a very common physical complaint in adult persons. Symptoms vary from morning stiffness to sudden pain in the sides or inability to stand upright or move. Low back pain can be caused by strained ligaments and muscles surrounding the spine or by a vertebral disk that has partially slipped or herniated. The treatment for lumbar back pain varies depending on the severity of pain or disability.
Lordosis and Kyphosis:
Lordosis refers to the forward or inward curvature of the spine. Abnormal or excessive lordosis usually affects the lumbar region of the spine and may cause backache. It may occur in overweight persons and during pregnancy but also by incorrect posture. Abnormal kyphosis is an excessive curvature of the spine in the thoracic region which can result in a condition known as ‘hunchback’. Frequently associated with scoliosis, a lateral curvature of the spine that is usually caused by incorrect posture., It can also be caused by an injury to the back, by congenital malformation, or by other disorders that affect the spine.
Lower Back Pain:
The vertebral disks consists of fibrocartilage, the outer part is the anulus fibrousus and the inner soft core is called nucleus pulposus. As the spine bends, pressure is exerted on the disks and if this pressure is too great, the soft centre can rupture through the outer ring and press on one of the nerves running from the spinal cord to some part in the body. The pain will be perceived in the area supplied by the nerve. Very often this kind of injury gets inflicted to the lumbar spine as this part of the spine gets to compensate most of the pressure onto the spine. If this happens, the pain is felt in the buttock and down the leg to the foot (sciatica).
Pain killing drugs can be taken to relieve pain due to a minor strain of a ligament or muscle. For more severe pains the doctor may prescribe strong, anti-inflammatory and/or muscle relaxant drug. Rest is a very important factor in treating back pain. Treatment by physical therapy may include exercise, massage and local heat.
Receiving remedial massage therapy for release of tension and stress and increased circulation and Qi flow, checking for leg-length difference, correction of any misalignment of the pelvis and the spinal vertebrae can address adverse symptoms and their causes on multiple levels of the functions of the human body systems.